Schools Cannot Withhold T.C for Non-Payment of Fees-Madras High Court

The Madras High Court held that the schools have only option to file recovery suit and cannot withhold documents for non payment of fees by the parents.

The judgement of the Madras High Court’s Madurai Bench Dtd.18.05.2017 which directed the school management not to withhold the Transfer Certificate, Mark Statements & Conduct Certificate of the students for the non payment of fees & also mentioned that the only remedy for the school management is to file recovery suit against the parents & further warned the school management not to adopt coercive methods, has been finally uploaded & available for download on the official website of the Madras High Court pursuant to request made by the social activist from Rajasthan, Smt.Pratibha Deepak to the registrar of the Madras High Court.

Explaining this issue, Smt.Pratibha Deepak said that, ‘I came to know about the Madras High Court’s judgement from the newspapers. However when i tried to search the judgement on the official website of the Madras High Court, i observed that the judgement is not uploaded yet. Accordingly i sent my query to the Registrar of the Madras High Court who took the immediate action and the order was uploaded instantly’.

The organization has already published an article earlier related to case laws against illegal fee hike & expulsion of the children by the private schools as follows-
Case Laws against Illegal Fee Hike, Child Harassment & Expulsion by the Schools
**We have also created a Single Page where all the Legal Awareness Articles for Common People to fight against Corrupt System including errant Public & Police Officers are posted as follows-
https://wp.me/P9WJa1-PL

The order of the Madurai Bench of Madras High Court above mentioned can be viewed and downloaded from the following link-
W.P(MD).Nos.9242 and 9243 of 2017- Schools Cannot Withhold T.C for Non-Payment of Fees-Madras High Court.Pdf

Facts of the Case-
The respondent school in this matter withheld the Transfer Certificate, Mark Statements & Conduct Certificate of the students on the ground that the parents had not paid the fees of Rs.29200/- whereas the petitioner parents made the prayer to the Madras High Court to refund Rs.25000/- refundable deposit amount they had made to the school management in the year 2015-16 at the time of the children’s admission.

Important Aspects Of The Judgement-
Taking the serious cognizance of this matter, the Madras High Court ruling in favor of the parents declared following aspects-
1) School Has No Authority To Withhold Transfer Certificates & Other Documents-
The court mentioned in Para 3 of the judgement as follows-
‘3. No school has any authority to deny the issuance of the transfer certificates and other documents, when the children opt to move to other schools. If at all there exists any legitimate claims against the parents, the School has to move the civil court for realizing the same, but the future of the children should not be held to ransom on this score.’

2) Central Borad of Secondary Examination (CBSE) has to pay attention to such violations by the school managements-
The court mentioned in Para 6 of the judgement as follows-
‘6. In circumstances such as these, the authorities such as second respondent has to pay his attention to regulate due the process by which educational institutions under his control are run. The irresponsibility of such authorities ultimately leave its unfortunate imprints on the future of the innocent children to which this Court cannot close his eyes to.’

3) Arrogance of the School Management Referring Lawyers as ‘Criminals’-
The court came heavily against the school management in para 7 for referring lawyers as criminals merely because parents served legal notice to the school management through lawyer as follows-
‘7.It requires to be recorded that the irresponsibility of the fourth respondent is highlighted by his arrogance in calling all lawyers as criminals for the sin of issuance of the legal notice for achieving the purpose sought in this writ petition. It is very unfortunate someone who runs an educational institutions with an avowed object of imparting knowledge and discipline to children should lose his balance and make such uncalled for statements.’

4) Court rules- ‘School to release the documents or children to get free education’-
The court in para 8 of the judgement not only declared that the school management shall immediately release the Transfer Certificate, Mark Statements & Conduct Certificate but also that if the same is not complied the children would get free education as the school is responsible for the same as follows-

‘8.The fourth respondent is hereby directed to issue the transfer certificates, mark statements, conduct certificates and other original documents concerning the petitioner’s children viz., N.Kudiarasu and N. Eyarkai, forthwith. In case of any failure to obey this order by the fourth respondent resulting in delay and consequently leading to inability of the petitioner to secure admission for his children in other schools, the children would continue their education in the next academic year in the same school (fourth respondent) but, without payment of any fees, for the situation has arisen only due to the obstinacy and insensitivity of the fourth respondent.’

We are thankful to social activist Smt.Pratibha Deepak whose efforts have made this judgement available & may be useful for the thousands of crusader parents who are fighting against the commercialization of the education.

Please don’t forget to like, share this article & also join our movement against the corrupt system on Twitter & Facebook Pages as below
https://www.facebook.com/jaihindbks
https://twitter.com/jaihindbks
-Adv.Siddharthshankar Sharma
Founder President-Bharatiya Krantikari Sangathan


Must Read-Legal Awareness Articles for Common Man as follows-

1) How to File Case Without Lawyer or In Person with Sample Draft
2) Legal Remedy & Complaints Against Police- State Police Complaint Authority
3) Case Laws against Illegal Fee Hike, Child Harassment & Expulsion by the Schools
4) How to get Central & State government’s Acts & Rules at One Place
5) How to Check CBSE Affiliation of the School
6) Getting Self Declaration & Audit Statement of School Under RTE Act 2009
7) Case laws & Legal Provisions against Child Harassment
8) TRAI Remedy to Stop, Ban & Punish the Promotional Telemarketing Caller within 9 days
9) The Electricity Act 2003- 15 Days Prior Written Notice Must for disconnecting Electricity
10) The Electricity Act 2003- Remedy against Wrong & Excessive Electricity Bills
11) The Maharashtra Public Records Act 2005-Important Provisions
12) Implement G.R. banning Compulsion of Stationeries by Schools-Bombay High Court
13) Maharashtra State Commission for Women- Complaint Mechanism, Powers & Address
14) Address of Police Complaints Authority of Maharashtra, Pune & Navi Mumbai
15) Information Commissioner slaps fine under RTI Act 2005 to Education Ministry
16) The Government blocks Child Rights Panel Functioning With Pre-planned Conspiracy
17) Haryana Education Department Directed to Pay Rs.4000/- Compensation under RTI Act 2005

Charge Fees as Per FRC & Readmit the Expelled Children-Supreme Court

In a major relief to hundreds of parents of Gujarat & indirectly to crores of parents of India fighting against commercialization of education & illegal fee hike by the private schools, the Supreme Court has directed the private schools of Gujarat to charge the fees as fixed by the Fee Regulatory Committee (FRC) & also to revoke the Leaving Certificates issued to the children over non payment of hiked fee which parents alleged are in violation of the Fee Regulation Committee formed under the The Gujarat Self Financed Schools (Regulation of Fees) Act, 2017.

Earlier the Supreme Court had directed around 1800 schools of Gujarat to submit the proposals to the Fee Regulation Committee (FRC) formed under The Gujarat Self Financed Schools (Regulation of Fees) Act, 2017 & had further confirmed the right of the state government to take appropriate action for non submission of the proposals by the schools to the Fee Regulatory Committee (FRC) of Gujarat.

The copy of the order of the Supreme Court above mentioned can be downloaded from the following link-
Special Leave to Appeal 314/2018- Charge Fees as Per FRC & Readmit the Expelled Children-Supreme Court.Pdf

Whereas the important part of the interim order of the Supreme Court order is as follows-
sc
Read Also-
How to File Case Without Lawyer or In Person with Sample Draft

Legal Remedy & Complaints Against Police- State Police Complaint Authority

Case Laws against Illegal Fee Hike, Child Harassment & Expulsion by the Schools

The salient features of the interim order of the Supreme Court above mentioned are as follows-
1) The schools cannot charge the fees in violation of the fees fixed by the Fee Regulatory Committee (FRC) formed under the The Gujarat Self Financed Schools (Regulation of Fees) Act, 2017.
2) The Global Indian International School will have to readmit the expelled children over fee issue row meaning thereby other schools of the State of Gujarat who have expelled the children over the same issue will have to readmit the children.
3) The schools shall not demand any fees in excess of the fees fixed by the Fee Regulatory Committee (FRC) till the next hearing likely to be held in August 2019.

Must Read-Legal Awareness Articles for Common Man as follows-
1) How to File Case Without Lawyer or In Person with Sample Draft

2) Legal Remedy & Complaints Against Police- State Police Complaint Authority
3) Case Laws against Illegal Fee Hike, Child Harassment & Expulsion by the Schools
4) How to get Central & State government’s Acts & Rules at One Place
5) How to Check CBSE Affiliation of the School
6) Getting Self Declaration & Audit Statement of School Under RTE Act 2009
7) Case laws & Legal Provisions against Child Harassment
8) TRAI Remedy to Stop, Ban & Punish the Promotional Telemarketing Caller within 9 days
9) The Electricity Act 2003- 15 Days Prior Written Notice Must for disconnecting Electricity
10) The Electricity Act 2003- Remedy against Wrong & Excessive Electricity Bills
11) How To File Online RTI Application & First Appeal at State of Maharashtra
12) The Maharashtra Public Records Act 2005-Important Provisions
13) Implement G.R. banning Compulsion of Stationeries by Schools-Bombay High Court
14) Maharashtra State Commission for Women- Complaint Mechanism, Powers & Address
15) Address of Police Complaints Authority of Maharashtra, Pune & Navi Mumbai
16) Information Commissioner slaps fine under RTI Act 2005 to Education Ministry
17) The Government blocks Child Rights Panel Functioning With Pre-planned Conspiracy
18) Haryana Education Department Directed to Pay Rs.4000/- Compensation under RTI Act 2005

Supreme Court-Question of Parent Teacher Committee’s Right to Approach DFRC Open

The Parent Teachers Association Executive Committee (PTA-EC) may approach high courts for their right to approach DFRC.

Giving the ray of hope to thousand of parents of State of Maharashtra the Supreme Court has disposed off the Special Leave Petition filed against the judgement of the Bombay High Court which had rejected the single parent’s right to approach the Divisional Fee Regulatory Committee (DFRC) stating that ‘Question of law about the right of the Parent Teacher Association Executive Committee (PTA EC) to approach the Divisional Fee Regulatory Committee (DFRC) is left open.’

Background- Earlier the Bombay High Court in Writ Petition No. 471(L)/ 2017 had rejected the single parent’s right to approach Divisional Fee Regulatory Committee u/s 10 of the Maharashtra Educational Institutions Regulation of Fee Act 2011. The detailed judgement above mentioned can be viewed and downloaded as follows-
Writ Petition (L) NO. 471 OF 2017 Indian Education Society & Ors Vs State of Maharashtra & Ors
The same dictum was repeated by the Bombay High Court recently in another writ petition as follows-
Writ Petition No. 613 OF 2018-Khed Taluka Vidyarthi Palak Sangh Vs State of Maharashtra 

Parent’s Indifference for filing of Special Leave Petition-
With utmost respect to the Bombay High Court, after the judgement above mentioned was given the parents got huge setback as all the orders given by the DFRC were set aside. The DFRC had ordered roll back of the fees in many schools which also got set aside. In Pune alone more than 18 schools’ roll back of fees orders were affected. However in spite of this among thousands of parents none of the parent filed any special leave petition before the Supreme Court since the year 2017. I had to appeal and literally convince many parents to come forward to file the Special Leave Petition which was filed and finally adjudicated in the year 2019.

Finally the parents from the IES Modern English School & Euro School came forward yet the funds gathered were not enough for us to go to supreme court & file the Special Leave Petition. Under such circumstances, my learned lawyer friend Adv.Mayank Kshirsagar & his team who earlier too had helped few parents from Maharashtra, filed the present Special Leave Petition & pursued it till finality. The order of the Supreme Court is as follows-

Supreme Court-Question of Parent Teacher Committee's Right to Approach DFRC Open
Supreme Court-Question of Parent Teacher Committee’s Right to Approach DFRC Open

Important aspect of the judgement of the Supreme Court as follows-
1) Single parent’s right to approach DFRC rejected-
The Supreme Court has rejected to interfere with the Bombay High Court’s judgement and hence single parent’s right to approach to Divisional Fee Regulatory Committee (DFRC) is also rejected by the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court mentioned that the DFRC would be flooded with the complaints if such right is upheld (It is with utmost respect to the Supreme Court i would like to mention that for the professional courses such right of the parents is already upheld with limitation clause of 30 days to make complaint to Shikshan Shulk Samiti, it ought to have been considered by the Supreme Court).
2) Question of law to PTA-EC’s right to approach DFRC is left open-
However after the Adv.Mayank Kshirsagar pointed out that the act is so arbitrary & unjust that it allows only the school management to approach the parents & not even the Parent Teacher Association Executive Committee, the Supreme Court considered the contention so raised & has mentioned that the Question of law to PTA-EC’s right to approach DFRC is left open
which might be helpful if the PTA-EC of the schools again file the writ petitions before the Bombay High Court.

Strategy to be adopted by the parents-
We make following suggestions to the parents-
1) Not to get panicked, even though the single parent had no right to approach DFRC in the years 2017-2019 many parent activists have successfully lodged an FIR against many reputed schools, principals have been dismissed & not only even refund orders have been made but in some schools the parents actually got partial refunds of excessive & illegal fees after adopting the strategy to fight their issues u/s.16 of the Maharashtra Educational Institutions Regulations of Fee Act 2011.
2) ‘Mr.Counsel, legislators have done this, approach your legislators (MLA’s) was remark made by the judges during the hearing and hence i firmly believe a decisive protest movement by the people would sure yield positive results. Decisive protests movement has to be launched against the ministry of education, all the activist should come on common platform because as per the confidential sources, the government is likely to carry out the amendment in upcoming session on 25th February 2019 wherein draconian amendments like 25% parent’s consent for making complaint to DFRC, recovering interest or fine from the parents for late fees etc. might be put for approval, the detailed blog regarding draconian amendments is given in following article-
Amendment to weaken Maharashtra Educational Institutions Regulation of Fee Act 2011.
3) We have always provided our legal assistance to almost every parent activist in their ongoing battles against the errant schools in State of Maharashtra and if any such draconian amendments are brought by the state government, we would again be challenging before the appropriate courts, however at the same time we appeal people to come forward and join us gathering resources for the movement generously.

The organization again congratulates and thanks the sincere and relentless efforts put by Adv.Mayank Kshirsagar & his team, parents Mr.Prasad Tulaskar, Smt.Anagha Acharekar, Mr.Pankaj Dabholkar, Smt.Manasi Pathare, Smt.Rachana Talekar & parents from EURO School (Pune) who have continued their battle till the end.

We publish such blogs as people do not understand all the social & legal aspects of any legal matters from the general media news.

Read also how the step by step conspiracy of governments of all the political parties in State of Maharashtra which have conspired to help the private schools to commercialize the education since the year 2010-2018 in following article-
Amendments to Weaken Fee Regulation Acts in Maharashtra since 2010-18

-Adv.Siddharthshankar Sharma
(Founder President- Bharatiya Krantikari Sangathan)

Must Read-Legal Awareness Articles for Common Man as follows-

1) How to File Case Without Lawyer or In Person with Sample Draft
2) Legal Remedy & Complaints Against Police- State Police Complaint Authority
3) Case Laws against Illegal Fee Hike, Child Harassment & Expulsion by the Schools
4) How to get Central & State government’s Acts & Rules at One Place
5) How to Check CBSE Affiliation of the School
6) Getting Self Declaration & Audit Statement of School Under RTE Act 2009
7) Case laws & Legal Provisions against Child Harassment
8) Remedy to Stop & Ban Promotional Telemarketing Caller in 9 days-TRAI Facility7
9) The Electricity Act 2003- 15 Days Prior Written Notice Must for disconnecting Electricity
10) The Maharashtra Public Records Act 2005-Important Provisions
11) Implement G.R. banning Compulsion of Stationeries by Schools-Bombay High Court
12) Information Commissioner slaps fine under RTI Act 2005 to Education Ministry
13) The Government blocks Child Rights Panel Functioning With Pre-planned Conspiracy
14) Haryana Education Department Directed to Pay Rs.4000/- Compensation under RTI Act 2005



Bombay High Court-Schools Cannot Fix the Fees Unilaterally neglecting PTA-EC.

Bombay High Court-Schools Cannot Fix the Fees Unilaterally neglecting PTA-EC.

In another setback to the reckless act of the private school fixing the fees in violation of the Maharashtra Educational Institutions Regulation of Fee Act 2011, the Bombay High Court has come heavily against the Indira National School (Pune) which took adamant approach not to provide parents the mandatory documents required under the Fee Regulation Act of 2011. The judgement of the Bombay High Court is likely to help thousands of parents of Maharashtra as most of the schools do not provide important information to the members of the Parent Teachers Association- Executive Committee (PTA-EC) like audit statements, infrastructure, expenditure on administration & maintenance, fund generated from NRI’s & donations, expenditure incurred on students over total income, building rent etc.

The judgement delivered by the Bombay High Court can be viewed & downloaded as follows-
Writ Petition No. 76 OF 2019- Dr. Harshawardhan Vijay Shrotri & Ors Vs. Deputy Director of Education & Ors

The battle against the errant school management started before few years when Mr.Satish Mundada along with Smt.Meera Dilip & other parents after the intervention of the Bombay High Court got favorable order from the Divisional Fee Regulatory Committee (DFRC) which ordered the reduction of the school fees from around Rs.64000/- to Rs.52000/- which was again a huge success as the school management had proposed it to be hiked for Rs.72000/-.

Explaining the issue, Mr.Satish Mundada said ‘We welcome this judgement. The school management cannot neglect the PTA-EC which is statutorily elected body. The very basis to judge the reasonableness of the fees is to check through the documents required to be produced before the PTA-EC under the fee regulation act. However most of the schools adopt adamant approach and do not provide the parents the mandatory information as it would likely expose their profiteering. Now as the high court itself has reiterated that the school must provide the mandatory documents to the PTA-EC it would be difficult for the school management to continue such adamant approach & profiteering.

‘We also believe that if any PTA-EC member among the parents rejects the fee proposal, same should be construed as complete rejection, we would be confirming same interpretation with the competent authority soon’. Added Mr.Mundada.

The parents of the Indira National School have appealed to the parents of the state to refer the order of the Bombay High Court above given and also immediately take appropriate action if the school management does not provide them the mandatory relevant information under the Maharashtra Educational Institutions Regulation of Fee Act 2011.

The petition was filed by the parents Dr.Harshawardhan Shrotri others and were represented by Adv.Ronita Bhattacharya.

Salient Features of this judgement in brief are as follows-
1)
The school management cannot unilaterally fix the fees neglecting the Parent Teacher Association Executive Committee (PTA-EC),
2) The fee could not be determined unilaterally and on the basis of the school management’s documents only. The school management is duty bound to provide the mandatory information to the parents under the Maharashtra Educational Institutions Regulation of Fee Act 2011 which include- audit statements, infrastructure, expenditure on administration & maintenance, fund generated from NRI’s & donations, expenditure incurred on students over total income, building rent etc.,
3)
Even though the parents get the copies of the mandatory information with the fee proposal they can ask for the inspection of the original documents to the school management which shall be made available to the parents in the school premises only with prior notice.
4) The school management shall not influence the decision of the PTA-EC.

 

Must Read-Legal Awareness Articles for Common Man as follows-

1) How to File Case Without Lawyer or In Person with Sample Draft
2) Legal Remedy & Complaints Against Police- State Police Complaint Authority
3) Case Laws against Illegal Fee Hike, Child Harassment & Expulsion by the Schools
4) How to get Central & State government’s Acts & Rules at One Place
5) How to Check CBSE Affiliation of the School
6) Getting Self Declaration & Audit Statement of School Under RTE Act 2009
7) Case laws & Legal Provisions against Child Harassment
8) Remedy to Stop & Ban Promotional Telemarketing Caller in 9 days-TRAI Facility7
9) The Electricity Act 2003- 15 Days Prior Written Notice Must for disconnecting Electricity
10) The Maharashtra Public Records Act 2005-Important Provisions
11) Implement G.R. banning Compulsion of Stationeries by Schools-Bombay High Court
12) Information Commissioner slaps fine under RTI Act 2005 to Education Ministry
13) The Government blocks Child Rights Panel Functioning With Pre-planned Conspiracy
14) Haryana Education Department Directed to Pay Rs.4000/- Compensation under RTI Act 2005



Implement G.R. banning Compulsion of Stationeries by Schools-Bombay High Court

Implement G.R. banning Compulsion of Stationeries by Schools-Bombay High Court-The Nagpur Bench of the Bombay High Court has ordered the state government to implement the government resolution Dtd.11.06.2004 which prohibits the compulsion by the school management to purchase stationeries from specific shops. The court has directed the Dy.Director of Education to implement the government resolution and to see that ‘such instance does not prevail’. The petition was filed by Mr.Sandeep Agrawal on 27.06.2018 through Adv.Radhika Raskar.

The organization has decided to publish this article along with the copy of the court order & also with the government resolution Dtd.11.06.2004 so that the common people who are unable to find these things easily, can download it and use as the reference before the authorities, courts & commissions.

The order of the Nagpur Bench of Bombay High Court is as follows-

Implement G.R. banning Compulsion of Purchase of Stationeries from Specific Shops by Schools-Bombay High Court.
Implement G.R. banning Compulsion of Purchase of Stationeries from Specific Shops by Schools-Bombay High Court Order-Page 1
Implement G.R. banning Compulsion of Purchase of Stationeries from Specific Shops by Schools-Bombay High Court.
Implement G.R. banning Compulsion of Purchase of Stationeries from Specific Shops by Schools-Bombay High Court Order- Page 2

The Government Resolution Dtd.11.06.2004 (Marathi) is as follows- (We are thankful to Smt.Prajakta Pethkar (President, Prajakta Pethkar Education Trust) who has provided copy of this government resolution & has been continuously raising this issue in Pune region).

Maharashtra Government's Resolution (Marathi) Dtd.11.06.2004 banning Compulsory purchase of Stationeries from Specific Shops by Schools.
Maharashtra Government’s Resolution (Marathi) Dtd.11.06.2004 banning Compulsory purchase of Stationeries from Specific Shops by Schools-Page 1
Maharashtra Government's Resolution (Marathi) Dtd.11.06.2004 banning Compulsory purchase of Stationeries from Specific Shops by Schools
Maharashtra Government’s Resolution (Marathi) Dtd.11.06.2004 banning Compulsory purchase of Stationeries from Specific Shops by Schools-Page 2

The English translation in brief of the Marathi Government Resolution Dtd.11.06.2004 is as follows-

The State of Maharashtra vide its notification Dtd.11.06.2004 has declared the compulsion by the schools whether direct or indirect of purchase of the stationeries from particular shop as illegal and has further made provision for the punishments like-cancellation or reduction of grants for granted schools & for private unaided schools punitive provision to declare such school in ‘Blacklist’ is made and also further provisions of banning such institute from receiving any type of concessions whether in term of lands or taxes is also provided. It is further provided boards of CBSE/ICSE boards should also be informed about violations committed by such schools and & if these boards do not take any action, then their ‘No Objection Certificate’ should be cancelled. It is also made mandatory in the same G.R. that the school management must inform the parents any modification in the uniforms & stationeries before at least 1 year.

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Must Read-Legal Awareness Articles for Common Man as follows-
1) How to File Case Without Lawyer or In Person with Sample Draft
2) Legal Remedy & Complaints Against Police- State Police Complaint Authority
3) Case Laws against Illegal Fee Hike, Child Harassment & Expulsion by the Schools
4) How to get Central & State government’s Acts & Rules at One Place
5) How to Check CBSE Affiliation of the School
6) Getting Self Declaration & Audit Statement of School Under RTE Act 2009
7) Case laws & Legal Provisions against Child Harassment
8) Remedy to Stop & Ban Promotional Telemarketing Caller in 9 days-TRAI Facility7
9) The Electricity Act 2003- 15 Days Prior Written Notice Must for disconnecting Electricity
10) The Maharashtra Public Records Act 2005-Important Provisions
11) Implement G.R. banning Compulsion of Stationeries by Schools-Bombay High Court
12) Information Commissioner slaps fine under RTI Act 2005 to Education Ministry
13) The Government blocks Child Rights Panel Functioning With Pre-planned Conspiracy
14) Haryana Education Department Directed to Pay Rs.4000/- Compensation under RTI Act 2005

Disclaimer- None of the authors, contributors, administrators, or anyone else connected with this website, in any way whatsoever, can be responsible for your use of the information contained in or linked from these web pages. The visitors are advised to take the opinion of their learned counsels before proceeding & relying upon the information above given before approaching any authority, court or commissions.

Police Complaints Authority- Legal Remedy Against Corrupt & Inefficient Police

Police Complaints Authority- Legal Remedy Against Corrupt & Inefficient Police

Police Complaints Authority- Legal Remedy Against Corrupt & Inefficient Police-The Police are one of the most important law enforcing agency and an institution to protect the rights of citizens enshrined in the Constitution of India. However unfettered & uncontrolled powers vested to the police force has resulted mostly into the incidents of brutal misuse of their powers, inefficiency & corruption since past many decades.

General Fear & Mistrust among the Common People-
The general fear & mistrust among the common people against the police force can be seen in all aspects of social life of our country. The traditional ignorance & gross negligence of the police force in even registration of FIR (not to speak of further investigation & strict actions against the culprit) in matters involving happening of serious offences most of which are cognizable offences has resulted further into tendency of the common people not knocking the doors of the police stations which has resulted into one of the worst criminal justice system.

Inadequate Support From the Government Cannot become ground for Corruption-
We make it clear that we are aware about the fact that there is tremendous pressure upon the police force from the politicians and from some white collared influential criminal classes of our society and also that the police officers get very low scale salary compared to average global pay scales.

Even the glimpse of the video news related to the inhuman, small and damaged condition of the government allotted houses of the police officers all over the country make the picture very clear about the poor financial support they receive from the government which is further worsened by the low manpower and heavy workload upon the police officers. However we also firmly believe that the poor conditions at the workplace or deliberate attempt of the government to make the police force weak & less financially independent cannot become the ground or reason to justify their inefficiency or the corruption of the force at any cost and in whatsoever manner.

‘Delay Tactics’ by the Government of India to solve police inefficiency & corruption-
That before the Supreme Court of India intervened on 22 September 2006, prior to that the government of India were playing only a delay tactics to solve this menace of police inefficiency & corruption. Instead Since 1977 to 2006 following committees were appointed which kept issuing recommendations but the government did not take any concrete action against such recommendations at all. The delay tactics can be seen by the government with appointment of following committees, Commissions and their recommendations time to time-

  1. National Police Commission (1977-81),
  2. National Human Rights Commissions
  3.  Law Commissions
  4. Ribeiro Committee
  5. Padmanabhaiah Committee and
  6. Malimath Committee on Reforms of Criminal Justice System etc.
    Even after this, the government again appointed the Soli Sorabjee committee in the year 2005 to draft the Police Act.

The Supreme Court Intervenes-Orders the Setting Up of ‘State & District level Police Complaints Authority’ all over the Country-
While the government was playing the delay tactics, the few retired top police officers & NGO had filed the writ petition before the Supreme Court of India in the year 1996. However owing to indifference from the government & other complications the petition was pending before the court till the year 2006. After taking the cognizance of overall situation in this matter & ‘Distress Call’ situation mentioned by such committees to reform the inefficient police system, the Supreme Court of India, in Prakash Singh & Ors vs Union Of India, on 22 September, 2006 (Writ Petition No.310/2016) under Article 32 of the Constitution of India read with Article 142 of the Constitution issued 7 directions to achieve the complete justice to the central as well the state governments. The Supreme Court of India also mentioned that such directions are further mandatory under Article 144 of the Constitution of India over all the authorities of the country.

The salient features of these 7 directions are as follows-
*Setting up of the Police Complaints Authority- To look into complaints against police officers. It declares there shall be a Police Complaints Authority at the District Level to look into complaints against police officers of and up to the rank of Deputy Superintendent of Police. Similarly, there should be another Police Complaints Authority at the State Level to look into complaints against officers of the rank of Superintendent of Police and above. The authorities above mentioned shall be headed by the Rtd.District Court & Rtd.High Court judges at the district & state levels respectively.

*Separation of the Investigation i.e. ‘investigation police’ shall be separated from the ‘law and order’ police.
*Establishment of State Security Commission- To ensure that the State Government does not exercise unwarranted influence or pressure on the State police and for laying down the broad policy guidelines so that the State police always acts according to the laws of the land and the Constitution of the country.
*Formation of Establishment Boards- For the purpose of transfer, promotions etc. The State Government may interfere with decision of the Board in exceptional cases only after recording its reasons.

The Supreme Court of India also directed that the aforesaid directions shall be complied with by the Central Government, State Governments or Union Territories, as the case may be, on or before 31st December, 2006 so that the bodies aforenoted became operational on the onset of the new year.
The judgement of the Supreme Court of India above mentioned can be viewed & downloaded from the link given below-
Click To Download-Prakash Singh & Ors vs Union Of India on 22 September, 2006

Formation of the State Police Complaint Authority With Tremendous Delay-
Though the Supreme Court of India had directed the Central, State & Union Territory governments to comply the directions above given by 31st December 2006 many states committed the contempt of the order of the Supreme Court of India e.g. one of the most progressive state of our country State of Maharashtra formed State Police Complaints Authority only in year 2015 and that too fearing the contempt petition filed before the court.

Legal Remedy & Complaints Against Police- State Police Complaint Authority.
Legal Remedy & Complaints Against Police- State Police Complaint Authority With e.g of Maharashtra State Police Complaints Authority-
As above mentioned it is mandatory upon the governments to establish the Police Complaint Authority in the states. Accordingly the reader should know that they can find the State Police Complaints Authorities in their respective States or Union Territories.

To explain how to file complaint to the State Police Complaints Authority we would take the example of the State of Maharashtra as follows- However even the progressive state like State of Maharashtra appointed the State Police Complaints Authority only in the year 2015 i.e. 9 years after the mandatory direction of the Supreme Court and that too fearing the contempt petition and action by the court. The State of Maharashtra enacted the act in the year of 2014 which is called as The Maharashtra Police (Amendment & Continuance) Act, 2014.
The copy of the Maharashtra Police (Amendment & Continuance) Act, 2014 can be viewed and downloaded from the link given below-
Click to Download- Maharashtra Police (Amendment & Continuance) Act 2014

The salient features of this act is as follows-
*It makes the provision for formation of the State Security Commission- To ensure that the State Government does not exercise unwarranted influence or pressure on the State police and for laying down the broad policy guidelines so that the State police always acts according to the laws of the land and the Constitution of the country.

*Formation of Establishment Boards- For the purpose of transfer, promotions etc. The State Government may interfere with decision of the Board in exceptional cases only after recording its reasons.
*Most Important- Section 22P- Formation of the State Police Complaints Authority.
Section Wise Salient Features of the Maharashtra Police (Amendment & Continuance) Act, 2014-

The salient features of the Maharashtra Police (Amendment & Continuance) Act, 2014 are as follows-
Section 22Q (1)(a)-
declares that The Maharashtra State Police Complaints Authority shall have the power to inquire suo motu or on complaint form any person about death in police custody, grievous hurt, rape or attempt to commit rape, arrest or detention without following prescribed procedure, corruption, extortion, land or house grabbing or any other matter involving serious matter of violations of provision of any law or abuse of lawful authority.

S.22Q(7)-Every Proceeding to Be ‘Judicial Proceeding’-
Every proceeding before the The State Police Complaints Authority has been declared to be judicial proceeding within meaning of Sections 193 & 228 of the Indian Penal Code and it has been vested powers of Civil Court too.

Section 22R (Most Important)-
The Maharashtra State Police Complaints Authority after completing the inquiry shall take following steps-
S.22R (1)-  Submit the report to the State Government,
S.22R (2)- The State government after the receipt of the report may accept or reject only in exceptional circumstances and that too with reasoned order.
S.22R (b) State Government shall treat the report as preliminary report for the purpose of institution of proceedings against delinquent officer.

S.22R (c)- If the report disclosed prima facie case of commission of cognizable offence, the State Government shall forward the same to the concerned police station and thereupon the same may be recorded as the First Information Report under S.154 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973.
S.22(S) makes the formation of the same authority at the district level to be called as Division Level Police Complaints Authority.

Prosecution for the False Complaint against Honest & Sincere Police Officer-
As a preventive measure against the possible abuse of these provisions against the honest police officers, S.22(T) makes provision of punishment of 2 years of imprisonment and for the false complaint related to offence punishable with death, life imprisonment or punishment of imprisonment of 7 years, then such a frivolous complainant shall be punishable with imprisonment up to 7 years. In addition to this, person making false and frivolous complaints shall also be liable to pay the concerned police officer legal expenses and compensation which State Police Complaints Authority may decide.

The Address of the Maharashtra State Complaints Police Authority-
Maharashtra State Complaints Police Authority
Address-

Cooperage Telephone Exchange, 4th Floor, Maharshi Karve Road, Nariman Point, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400 021,
Email-mahaspca@gmail.com.

Thus most people wrongly think that the only legal remedy against the corrupt and inefficient police officer is to approach the court by hiring lawyer only. However people are unaware about such strong Supreme Court judgement and also the existence of the laws & authorities in their respective states like State of Maharashtra, above mentioned.

How to File Case in Person Without Hiring a Lawyer before such Commissions or Courts-
Though i always suggest and insist to appoint a lawyer for fighting the legal battles, yet we have also published an article for the people who cant hire or appoint lawyers for their legal battles for inevitable reasons. The link of the article is as follows-
Read-How to File Case Without Lawyer or In Person with Sample Draft.

Options of other Commissions-
It is pertinent to note that there are many other options available against the grievances against the inefficient & corrupt police officers like State or National Human Right Commissions, Lokayukt Authority etc. However such Commissions and Authorities are generally located in the capital of the State causing hardship for common people especially poor complainants who cannot afford the travel and other expenses and hence they can always approach the Division Level Police Complaints Authority which are located at the district levels.

People Should Approach such Authorities & Commissions-
The organization has observed that many people neither approach courts or such authorities and commissions and keep approaching the media only or post their angry opinions in the social media platforms for the years. It is true that many commissions now days are not working efficiently too like we observed about the Maharashtra State Commission for Protection of Child Rights recently and we have also posted the articles about the same as follows-
Read-Maharashtra State Commission for Protection of Child Rights’ Inaction Exposed.

However after we published this article first, it was flashed in the top media news channels too, which further resulted in expediting few matters pending before the commission. In brief people should launch public protests, approach media and expose the corrupt officers on the social media platforms too. However if these things do not bear fruit for long time, then they must immediately approach such authorities and commissions without wasting any time.

Please don’t forget to like, share this article & also join our movement against the corrupt system on Twitter & Facebook Pages as below
https://www.facebook.com/jaihindbks
https://twitter.com/jaihindbks
-Adv.Siddharthshankar Sharma
Founder President-Bharatiya Krantikari Sangathan

Must Read-Legal Awareness Articles for Common Man as follows-
1) How to File Case Without Lawyer or In Person with Sample Draft
2) Legal Remedy & Complaints Against Police- State Police Complaint Authority
3) Case Laws against Illegal Fee Hike, Child Harassment & Expulsion by the Schools
4) How to get Central & State government’s Acts & Rules at One Place
5) How to Check CBSE Affiliation of the School
6) Getting Self Declaration & Audit Statement of School Under RTE Act 2009
7) Case laws & Legal Provisions against Child Harassment
8) TRAI Remedy to Stop, Ban & Punish the Promotional Telemarketing Caller within 9 days
9) The Electricity Act 2003- 15 Days Prior Written Notice Must for disconnecting Electricity
10) The Electricity Act 2003- Remedy against Wrong & Excessive Electricity Bills
11) How To File Online RTI Application & First Appeal at State of Maharashtra
12) The Maharashtra Public Records Act 2005-Important Provisions
13) Implement G.R. banning Compulsion of Stationeries by Schools-Bombay High Court
14) Maharashtra State Commission for Women- Complaint Mechanism, Powers & Address
15) Address of Police Complaints Authority of Maharashtra, Pune & Navi Mumbai
16) Information Commissioner slaps fine under RTI Act 2005 to Education Ministry
17) The Government blocks Child Rights Panel Functioning With Pre-planned Conspiracy
18) Haryana Education Department Directed to Pay Rs.4000/- Compensation under RTI Act 2005

Disclaimer- None of the authors, contributors, administrators, or anyone else connected with this website, in any way whatsoever, can be responsible for your use of the information contained in or linked from these web pages. The visitors are advised to take the opinion of their learned counsels before proceeding & relying upon the information above given before approaching any authority, court or commissions.

 

 

 

Case Laws against Illegal Fee Hike, Child Harassment & Expulsion by the Schools.

Case Laws against Illegal Fee Hike, Child Harassment & Expulsion by the Schools.

Case Laws against Illegal Fee Hike, Child Harassment & Expulsion by the Schools.

The organization has decided to publish series of case laws which would be helpful to the lawyers as well as common people. Accordingly the first one is- Case Laws against Illegal Fee Hike, Child Harassment & Expulsion by the Schools.

The educational law especially related to the schools is one of the most complicated field of the law, as sometimes many acts and judgments do apply in one school’s matter, e.g. in the state of Maharashtra alone people face complications as more than 5-6 laws apply at the same time for the issues related to illegal fee hike, child harassment & expulsion by the schools.

The parents are the main victim for such complicated laws as they are often misled by the government officers as well as school authorities which ultimately has resulted in huge commercialization of education.

The lawyers further face difficulty as they need to study all the acts & rules and then keep researching important case laws against illegal fee hike, child harassment & expulsion by the schools. which has unfortunately become rampant in our country and most of the private as well as minority institutions have shamelessly left no stones unturned to completely commercialize the education system of India.

Accordingly the organization has decided to launch the legal awareness series especially related to case laws against illegal fee hike, child harassment & expulsion by the schools which has become the most controversial topic in our country now days.

Case Laws against Illegal Fee Hike, Child Harassment & Expulsion by the Schools-The important case laws related to or against the illegal fee hike, child harassment & expulsion by the schools mainly focusing State of Maharashtra are given as follows-

1. Appeal (civil) 5041 of 2005 Petitioner: P.A. Inamdar & Ors. Vs State of Maharashtra & Ors-
A Constitution Bench of 5 judges sat to interpret the 11-Judge Bench decision

in Pai Foundation. The important paras are as follows-
Rejection of concept of ‘Post Audit’ by the Hon’ble Supreme Court of India-
(Page No’s 47 & 48 of the judgement)-
The suggestion made on behalf of minorities and non minorities that the same purpose for which Committees have been set up can be achieved by post-audit or checks after the institutions have adopted their own admission procedure and fee structure, is unacceptable for the reasons shown by experience of the educational authorities of various States. Unless the admission procedure and fixation of fees is regulated and controlled at the initial stage, the evil of unfair practice of granting admission on available seats guided by the paying capacity of the candidates would be impossible to curb.”
The judgement above mentioned can be viewed & downloaded with following link-
Appeal (civil) 5041 of 2005 Petitioner P.A. Inamdar & Ors. Vs State of Maharashtra & Ors.Pdf

2. Writ Petition No.5378/2013 (Hon’ble Bombay High Court)-
In this judgement, the Hon’ble Bombay High Court not only held against the private minority school that the child should not be victimized for the quarrels between parents & the school management, but also promoted the child directly to the next academic year who was studying at home for more than one year because of the expulsion by the school management.
The school’s expulsion order against minor children was declared illegal & unconstitutional. In the same judgement the Hon’ble Court has upheld that the The Right Of Children To Free And Compulsory Education Act, 2009 is equally applicable to the minority institute except the provision of 25% admission to the backward class students.
The important paras of the judgement are as follows-
”26.Both the learned counsel were unable to point out any provisions which empowered expressly or impliedly, to expel the students in such fashion. The submission that the Management have a power to admit and/or control the admissions and therefore, they have also power to expel the student, in our view, is unacceptable and specifically, in the present facts and circumstances, as admittedly they have not followed the basic principle of natural justice.”
”28.Admittedly, no show cause notice was issued before taking such drastic action of expulsion. No hearing was given to the Petitioner before passing such order against the children. On the contrary, we have noted that the action was taken because of stated parents’ indecent and illegal behaviour, though the children’s conduct was satisfactory. The correspondence and discussion between the parties, referring to the issue of fees and/or agitation by the Petitioner’s husband father of children, cannot be the ground to hamper the children’s education and/or future career, in the guise of discipline and/or to maintain the peace and harmony. There are various ways and means to tackle the same. The parties could have settled and/or resolved the issue, instead of turning the agitation to such extent of expelling the children from the school.”
The Hon’ble High Court further held that,
”The Petitioner’s son lost one year because of this conflict. The allegations and/or counter allegations, even if any, for want of specific provisions, could not have been used and utilized to expel the child from the school. There is material on record to show that the Respondent Management also expressed that “We have sent the ‘Leaving Certificate’ not on the grounds of non payment of fees, but only as a part of disciplinary action”. Such disciplinary action could not have been initiated against the children, whose conduct was satisfactory. The alleged misconduct of parents, cannot be the reason to punish the children. There is no supportive material placed on record by the School/Management for such action on the basis of declared law. The children cannot be punished for the alleged/stated misbehavior of the parents. It is totally impermissible. The whole action, therefore, so initiated and taken by the School/Management, in our view, is unjust, impermissible, contrary to law, apart from in clear breach of principle of natural justice and therefore void, illegal and impermissible. It is liable to be quashed and set aside. The consequence of such order, in the peculiarity of this case, should be followed by a restoration of the Petitioner’s son’s position to continue further study in the same school. There is no question to hold back the Petitioner’s son in the same class.”
The judgement above mentioned can be viewed & downloaded with following link-
Writ Petition No. 5378 Of 2013.Pdf

3.Parents Forum For Meaningful Education – Appellant Versus Union Of India – Respondent Civil Writ 196 Of 1998-
The Delhi High court struck down Rule 37 (1) (ii) and (4) of the Delhi School Education Rules, 1973, holding it violative of Articles 14 (Equality before Law) and 21 (Protection of Life and Personal Liberty) of the Constitution. The Hon’ble High Court also directed the State to ensure that children are not subjected to corporal punishment in schools and they receive education in an environment of freedom and dignity, free from fear.

Before striking down the rule, the Hon’ble Court took the high ground, quoting extensively from the Constitution of India, the Universal Human Rights, and the Geneva Declaration of the Rights of the Child. Stating that “subjecting the child to corporal punishment for reforming him cannot be part of education,” the Hon’ble Court called attention to the long-term consequences of the punishment such as disdain and hatred for teachers, development of a fear psychosis, irregular attendance at school, and an increase in the dropout rate.
The judgement above mentioned can be viewed & downloaded with following link-
Parents Forum For Meaningful Education – Appellant Versus Union Of India – Respondent Civil Writ 196 Of 1998.Pdf

4.Kobad JehangirBharda vs. Farokh Sidhwa and Ors (Appeal No. 1172 of 1989 in Writ Petn. No. 2053 of 1989, D/-7-5-1990) –
This is one of the most important judgement for the students of the secondary schools & especially belonging to the standards for which provisions of ‘Not Holding Back’  of The Right Of Children To Free And Compulsory Education Act, 2009 does not apply. In this matter the Hon’ble Bombay High Court set aside the expulsion of the student who was expelled in violation of Rule 56.5 of the Secondary School Code 1979. The Hon’ble High court further upheld that the violating the Rule 56.5 of the Secondary School Code 1979 entails withdrawal of the recognition.

The important paras of the judgement above mentioned are as follows-
18……………..In other words, when the Code recognised the power to expel a pupil, it also limited the exercise of such power to specified circumstances and pointed out the only mode in which the power may be exercised++Then the Code provides for the consequence. If a pupil is expelled without following the prescribed mode, a breach of the Code is committed. This entails withdrawal of recognition of the School. In our opinion, compliance with Rule 56.5 is mandatory. The whole aim and object of the Rule 56.5 will be defeated if the particular mode of expulsion is construed to mean a mere direction.
19. In our opinion, the School has failed to comply with the mandatory directives laid down in Rule 56.5 of the Code. Although the letters written by the School accused the Petitioner of certain acts of misconduct, in the affidavit of Dr. (Mrs) Mowji, the Principal, it is claimed that the School merely issued the School leaving certificate. No misconduct is alleged. We are certain that the Petitioner was expelled for the supposed misconduct set out in the letters written by the School. Since no reasons for the expulsion have been recorded and since the expulsion was not communicated to the Director of Education, the expulsion is contrary to Rule 56.5 of the code. For the same reason, the School has violated the conditions of its recognition by the Government. 20. For all these reasons the Petitioner’s expulsion from the School is illegal.
The judgement above mentioned can be viewed & downloaded with following link-
Kobad JehangirBharda vs. Farokh Sidhwa and Ors (Appeal No. 1172 of 1989 in Writ Petn. No. 2053 of 1989, D-7-5-1990).Pdf

5.Shikshan Mandal & Ors Petitioners Vs. State Of Maharashtra – Writ Petition No. 6727 Of 2010-
In this matter, the 3 judges bench of the Hon’ble Bombay High Court has held that the Secondary School Code 1979 is applicable to the schools of Maharashtra & it has statutory force.

The important paras of the judgement above mentioned are as follows-
5. Thus, the Supreme Court has held that in view of the provisions in the Regulations framed under the Boards Act, a recognised school is under an obligation to comply with the provisions of the Secondary Schools Code. In so far as the State Government is concerned, an affidavit has been filed on behalf of the State Government by Mr.Sumit Mullick, Principal Secretary to Government, School Education and Sports Department, dated 5th
August, 2011. What is stated in paragraph 2 of that affidavit is relevant. It reads as under:

…….6. It is, thus, clear that even according to Government of Maharashtra the provisions of the Secondary Schools Code has statutory status. Question No.(i) referred to us is, thus, accordingly answered.
The judgement above mentioned can be viewed & downloaded with following link-
Shikshan Mandal & Ors Petitioners Vs. State Of Maharashtra – Writ Petition No. 6727 Of 2010.Pdf

6.Vibgyor High School Vs State Of Maharashtra Writ Petition No.1919 Of 2009-
The most important para of this judgement is as follows-

58. Suffice it to observe that the sum and substance of our decision is that even though the private unaided school has discretion to fix its own fee structure, it is open to the State Government to regulate the same insofar as unusual expenditure within the meaning of Section 2(a) read with Section 4 of the Capitation of Fee Act. As and when the issue of recovery of any unusual expenses such as exorbitant expenditure on buildings rent, is raised either by the parents or it comes to the notice of the State Authorities and in spite of that, the school continues to recover the disputed amount without taking approval of the State Government, the Management of such school would run the risk of legal action provided for in the Capitation Fee Act. When such occasion arises, the Management of the school may have only two options – first is to obtain approval of the State Government at the earliest opportunity for allowing it to recover the disputed amount by way of fees from its students. The second is to continue to recover the disputed amount stipulated by it as fees from its students unabated and in which case the Management of the School may run the risk of facing appropriate legal action under the provisions of the Capitation Fee Act and other enabling enactments.
The judgement above mentioned can be viewed & downloaded with following link-
Vibgyor High School Vs State Of Maharashtra Writ Petition No.1919 Of 2009

7.St. Xaviers High School Vs The Union Of India And Ors-Writ Petition No.243 Of 2016-
In its order against many reputed schools of the State of Maharashtra Hon’ble Bombay High Court has declared that in the absence of any stay for proceedings the state government can always take action against the schools violating the Maharashtra Educational Institutions Regulation of Fee Act 2011.
The order reads as follows-
”We clarify that since there are no interim orders in any of the Petitions, if the authority of the Education Department find that any of the schools are refusing to implement the provisions of the Maharashtra Educational Institute (Regulation of Fees) Act, 2011, the pendency of the Petitions would not come in the way of such authority in taking such steps against such schools for not following the provisions of law. Stand over to 20th March 2018.”
The order above mentioned can be viewed & downloaded with following link-
St. Xaviers High School and ors Vs The Union of India and Ors Writ Petition No.243 OF 2016

We have also published article for the common people about how to file complaints & cases before various authorities, commissions & courts. The link of the article is as follows-
Sample Legal Draft for Courts, Commissions & Authorities.

Please don’t forget to like, share this article & also join our movement against the corrupt system on Twitter & Facebook Pages as below
https://www.facebook.com/jaihindbks
https://twitter.com/jaihindbks
-Adv.Siddharthshankar Sharma
Founder President-Bharatiya Krantikari Sangathan

Disclaimer- None of the authors, contributors, administrators, or anyone else connected with this website, in any way whatsoever, can be responsible for your use of the information contained in or linked from these web pages. The visitors are advised to take the opinion of their learned counsels before proceeding & relying upon the information above given before approaching any authority, court or commissions.

Must Read-Legal Awareness Articles for Common Man as follows-
1) How to File Case Without Lawyer or In Person with Sample Draft
2) Legal Remedy & Complaints Against Police- State Police Complaint Authority
3) Case Laws against Illegal Fee Hike, Child Harassment & Expulsion by the Schools
4) How to get Central & State government’s Acts & Rules at One Place
5) How to Check CBSE Affiliation of the School
6) Getting Self Declaration & Audit Statement of School Under RTE Act 2009
7) Case laws & Legal Provisions against Child Harassment
8) Remedy to Stop & Ban Promotional Telemarketing Caller in 9 days-TRAI Facility7
9) The Electricity Act 2003- 15 Days Prior Written Notice Must for disconnecting Electricity
10) The Maharashtra Public Records Act 2005-Important Provisions
11) Implement G.R. banning Compulsion of Stationeries by Schools-Bombay High Court
12) Information Commissioner slaps fine under RTI Act 2005 to Education Ministry
13) The Government blocks Child Rights Panel Functioning With Pre-planned Conspiracy
14) Haryana Education Department Directed to Pay Rs.4000/- Compensation under RTI Act 2005